2005, The Metaphysics of The Healing: A Parallel English-Arabic
Text, M.E. Marmura (ed. and trans.). Provo (Utah): Brigham Young
1930, Averroès Tahafot at-Tahafot, M. Bouyges (ed.),
Beirut: Imprimerie Catholique. Critcal edition
English: Averroes. 1954, Averroes' Tahafut al-tahafut (The
Incoherence of the Incoherence), S. van den Bergh (trans.), 2
vols., London: Luzac.(link) Ibn Rushd's
to some of al-Ghazali's concerns in the tahafut.
Latin: Averroes. 1961, Destructio destructionum philosophiae
Algazelis in the Latin Version of Calo Calonymos, B.H. Zedler
(ed.), Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.
- al-Ghazali, 1936, Maqasid al-falasifa, M.S. al-Kurdi
(ed.), Cairo: al-Matba’a al-Mahmudiyya al-Tijariyya. (N.B. this
edition along with other editons are available on this
- Latin: al-Ghazali, 1506, Logica et philosophia Algazelis
Arabis, Venice: P. Liechtenstein. Reprint Frankfurt (Germany): Minerva,
- Latin: al-Ghazali, 1933, Algazels's Metaphysics: A Medieval
Translation, J.T. Muckle (ed.), Toronto: St. Michael's College.
- al-Ghazali, 1997, The Incoherence of the Philosophers
/ Tahafut al-falasifa, a Parallel English-Arabic Text, M. E. Marmura
(ed. and trans.), Provo (Utah): Brigham Young University Press.
of Hocazade (a book by an Ottoman scholar (Mustafa b. Khalil
Khawaja zadae Barswae) on the issue of philosophers in the tahafut of Ghazali. (Arabic PDF.)
This book and the one that follows were written by the request of Mehmet
I (fatih) the Ottoman Sultan. This book was completed first and rewarded
well. The next book (by Tusi) was awarded (2nd place). See the
introduction by Sa`ada, 1983.
- Tahafut of Ala'addin al-Tusi. (yet
another book by an Ottoman scholar edited by Rida Sa`ada (Beirut:
al-Dar al-Alimyah, 1983). Arabic. (pdf)
According to Prof. Recep Duran this book is not as some has claimed a
judgement between Ibn Rushd and Ghazali but in fact between Ghazali and
the philosophers (namely Ibn Sina -and his followers- and to a lesser
degree al-Farabi). For additional information see my correspondence with
Prof. Duran JIP vol2.
- Secondary Source: Schmölders,
August, and al-Ghazzali. 1842. Essai sur les écoles philsophiques
chez les Arabes, et notamment sur la doctrine d'Algazzali. Paris:
Firmin Didot freres. (pdf)
Griffel, F., "Al-Ghazali", The Stanford Encyclopedia of
Philosophy (Fall 2007 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.)
for a detailed overview of al-Ghazali's positions on philosophy. (link)
- Griffel, F. 2006, "MS London, British Library Or. 3126: An Unknown Work by al-Ghazali on Metaphysics and Philosophical Theology." Journal of Islamic Studies 17 (2006):1-42: (PDF)
- Griffel, F. 2005, "Taqlid of the
Philosopher's: Al-Ghazali's Initial Accusations in his Tahafut" In
Gunther, Sebastian; Ideas, Images, And Methods of Portrayal: Insights
into Classical Arabic Literature and Islam, (Leiden: Brill, 2005)
pp. 273-296 (PDF)
- Macdonald, D. B. 1936,
Meanings of the Philosophers by al-Ghazzali. Isis,
Vol. 25, No. 1. (May, 1936), pp. 9-15. (PDF)
- Macdonald, D. B. 1937,
"The Meanings of the Philosophers by al-Ghazzali". Isis, Vol. 27, No. 1. (May, 1937), pp. 9-10. (PDF)
- Hourani, G. F.
1958, “The Dialogue Between al Ghazali and the Philosophers on the
Origin of the World,” Muslim World 48:183–191, 308–314. (PDF)
- Hourani, G. F.
1976, “Ghazali on the Ethics of Action,” Journal of the American
Oriental Society, 96: 69–88.
Montada, J. P. Ibn
Rushd Vs. Al-Ghazali a reconsideration of a Polemic.
- Tomeh, G. J.
Climax of a Philosophical Conflict in Islam. (PDF)
- Kogan, B.
and Averroes on Necessary connection and Miracles.
- Lohr, C.H., 1965, “Logica Algazelis: Introduction and
Critical Text,” Traditio 21:223–90. (PDF)
- A translation of the Latin text in English is
provided by Prof. Longeway. (link)
Marmura, M. E. 1959, “The Logical Role of the
Argument from Time in the Tahafut's Second Proof for the World's
Pre-Eternity,” Muslim World 49: 306–14.
- Marmura, M. E. 1965, “Ghazali and Demonstrative
Science,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 3:183–204.
- Marmura, M. E. 1968–69, “Ghazali on Ethical
Premises,” The Philosophical Forum 4: 393–403.
Marmura, M. E. 1981, “Al-Ghazali's Second Causal
Theory in the 17th Discussion of His Tahafut,” in Islamic
Philosophy and Mysticism, P. Morewedge (ed.), Delmar (N.Y.):
Caravan Books, pp. 85–112.
- Marmura, M. E. 1995, “Ghazalian Causes and
Intermediaries,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 115:
More on Ghazali and
philosophy see a list by F. Sezgin. The
above information was expanded based on bibliographic entries from
articles above and mainly Griffel's SEP entry.